Macedonia has become the first government called to account for its collaboration with the CIA’s extraordinary rendition program before an international tribunal. The case, brought by the Open Society Justice Initiative on behalf of German citizen Khaled El-Masri, was communicated to the Macedonian government by the European Court of Human Rights on October 8. The communication is a major step forward, as only about ten percent of all cases brought before the European Court make it to this phase. Next, Macedonia will need to answer specific questions posed by the court about its alleged role in the rendition program. The court has also invited Germany to submit comments.