Knesset extends amendment on arrest of terrorist suspects

The Knesset (Israel’s Parliament) passed an amendment to the Criminal Procedure (Arrest of a Suspect in Terrorism Offense) (Temporary Provision) Law, 5766-2006. The current amendment extends the application of the original law for an additional year, until December 31, 2012. It also amends some of the law’s provisions, based on the experience acquired since the law’s introduction and in accordance with a Supreme Court decision that repealed an earlier authorization to conduct ex-parte hearings of an extension, appeal, or additional hearing in connection with an arrest of a terrorism suspect.

According to the current amendment, an authorized officer may, without a judicial warrant, extend the arrest of a suspect in a terrorism offense for an additional 24 hours, in addition to the original period of 48 hours. Such authorization can be granted if the officer is convinced that an interruption of the investigation may cause it real harm that will hamper preventing harm to human life.

The extension decree must be in writing and include an explanation for taking the action. It must be approved by the head of the investigation section in the General Security Service (Shin Beit, hereafter GSS). The court may, in rare cases, and at the request of the head of the GSS, extend the above periods for an additional period not exceeding 24 hours if it is convinced that an interruption will hurt the investigation and thus will hamper preventing harm to human life.

The current amendment further amends provisions on the extension of an arrest of terrorism suspects initially made in the suspects’ presence. According to the new provisions, a Justice of the Supreme Court may, upon receiving a written request from the head of the GSS as approved by the Attorney General, extend the arrest if he is convinced that an interruption of the investigation constitutes a highly certain possibility of hampering the prevention of harm to human life. Such an extension may not exceed 72 hours each or 144 hours all together, as long as the total extension does not exceed 20 days following a hearing at which the detainee was present.

Israeli High Court Justices deny petition requesting Shin Bet statistics about extent of regulation

The Israeli High Court of Justice denied on Tuesday a petition filed against the Shin Bet and the Prime Minister’s Office requesting information regarding the extent to which a regulation preventing Palestinian detainees from consulting with an attorney is being applied. The High Court justices agreed with the State’s stance that revealing such information has the potential to harm State security.

The petition was filed by the Movement for Freedom of Information and the human rights group Yesh Din requesting to reveal Shin Bet statistics regarding the use of the regulation during 2004-2008. According to the petitioners, even though the Shin Bet is not included in the Freedom of Information law, “there hasn’t been any attempt to expose some of the data in such a way that will balance between the State’s security and the freedom of information.”

High Court Justice Neal Hendel ruled that “the detailed explanations provided by the authorities have convinced me that accepting the petition, completely or partially, might give an opening that will eventually and unintentionally assist hostile factors who wish to harm the State in some way.”

Hendel added: “I was convinced this fear isn’t theoretical, but real and proven.” However, he did go on to criticize the Shin Bet, saying: “It’s not right that the issue of preventing attorney-detainee visits isn’t supervised.”

Israeli Reporter Faces Questions for Whistleblowing on ‘Targeted Killing’

An Israeli journalist wanted by authorities for publishing information from top secret documents is back in Israel after nearly a year abroad, Voice of America reports.

Ha’aretz reporter Uri Blau returned to Israel Sunday after his lawyers reached an agreement with the Justice Ministry. The ministry said Blau agreed to return 1,500 documents and present himself for questioning to both the Shin Bet security service and police.  Following the interrogation, Israel’s attorney general will decide whether to charge Blau with any crimes.

Blau had already returned about 500 documents before leaving on a trip London, where he stayed to avoid arrest. Blau got the classified documents from the former secretary of an Israeli general responsible for operations in the West Bank.

Political Science academic theses on counterterrorism

Ahrnens, Anette.  Lund University, Sweden; 2007
A Quest for Legitimacy: Debating UN Security Council Rules on Terrorism and Non-proliferation.

Alienated: A Reworking of the Racialization Thesis after September 11th

Using the Qur’an to Justify Terrorist Violence: Analysing Selective Application of the Qur’an in English-Language Militant Islamist Discourse

Berger, Michael Andrew. St Andrews University, U.K.; 2010
How resisting democracies can defeat substate terrorism : formulating a  theoretical framework for strategic coercion against nationalistic substate terrorist organizations.

Berrebi, Claude. Princeton University, U.S.A.; 2004
The causes and consequences of terrorism.

Biggio, Nancy Connors. The University of Alabama, U.S.A.; 2002
The rationality of the use of terrorism by secular and religious groups.

Binodah, Abdullah M. The University of Sheffield, U.K.; 2006
U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and the Bush War on Terror : elite opinion and the failure of U.S. strategy.

Boukalas, Christos. Lancaster University, U.K.; 2007

Empire and Reich. War on Terrorism and the Political Metalaxis of the US.

Brannan, David. St. Andrews University, U.K.; 20007

Violence, terrorism and the role of theology : repentant and rebellious Christian identity.

Cockley, David. Texas A&M University, U.S.A: 2009 – The media spectacle of terrorism and response-able literature.

Cunningham, William G. George Mason University, U.S.A.; 2006 – Terrorism and conflict resolution: Theory and practice .

Dalby, Andrew Keith. St Andrews University, U.K.; 2004
European integrationist influences on member states’ counter-terrorist co-operation and co-ordination.

Derin Gure, Pinar. Boston University, U.S.A.; 2009.
Essays in public economics and economics of terrorism.

Dulin, Adam. ISVG; West  Haven ,CT, USA; May 2006
Development as Counterterrorism – An Examination of the Columbian Conflict

Egner, Michael. Pardee RAND Graduate School, U.S.A.; 2009
Between Slogans and Solutions: A Frame-Based Assessment Methodology for Public Diplomacy.

El-Ibiary, Rasha. University of Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K.; 2006
Televisual representation of the ‘War on Terror’ : comparative analysis of Al-Jazeera and CNN in covering the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Engene, Jan Oskar. University of Bergen, Norway; 1998
Patterns of terrorism in Western Europe, 1950-1995

Eser, Tarik. ISVG; West  Haven ,CT, USA; December; 2007
The Impact of the Turkish Policies Toward the PKK Terrorist Organization

Flarey, Dominick L. Breyer State University – Kamiah Idaho, U.S.A.; 2003
Terrorist Groups Are Aligning To Conduct Global Terrorism.

Franks, Jason. University of St. Andrews, U.K.; 2005
Rethinking the roots of terrorism: through the doors of perception.

Gatliff, Jason R. Bowling Green State University, U.S.A.; 2006  Terrorism and Just War Tradition: Issues of compatibility.

Ginbar, Yuval. University of Essex, U.K.; 2006
Torture, terrorists and ticking bombs : moral, societal and legal aspects of the ‘ticking bomb’ justification for torture in the struggle against terrorism.

Grevi, Giovanni. Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium; 2007
The Common Foreign, Security and Defence Policy of the European Union: Ever-Closer Cooperation. Dynamics of Regime Deepening.

Hadjimatheou, Katerina. The University of Essex, U.K.; 2009
Ethnic profiling in counter-terrorism: Justice in practice.

Hale, William Chris. ISVG;  West  Haven ,CT, USA; May 2005
Twenty-first Century Terrorism, Twenty-first  Century Answers – The Why and How of Collection, Analysis, and Dissemination of Open Source Intelligence

Harrison, John. St. Andrews University, U.K.; 2006
The evolution of international aviation security : from politics to warfare.

Jansen, Pia Therese. St. Andrews University, U.K.; 2008
The consequences of Israel’s counter terrorism policy.

Kalidheen, Rufus. University of South Africa, South Africa; 2008
Policing mechanisms to counter terrorist attacks in South Africa.

Kim, Joongho. University of Hawai’i at Manoa, U.S.A.; 2008
The sources of North Korean terrorism: Analyses at three levels.

Kiser, Steve. Pardee RAND Graduate School, U.S.A.; 2005
Financing Terror; An Analysis and Simulation to Affect Al Qaeda’s Financial Infrastructures.

Le Sage, André. University of Cambridge, UK; 2004
Somalia and the war on terrorism: political Islamic movements & US counter-terrorism efforts

Levi, Michael Abraham. King’s College (University of London), U.K.; 2006
Rethinking nuclear terrorism.

Markovic, Vesna. ISVG; West  Haven ,CT, USA; December 2008
Suicide  Bombings and Lethality – A Statistical Analysis of Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

Sproat, Peter Alan. University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; 1997
An investigation of the concept of state terrorism .

Article: Rotter – Gatekeepers in intelligence organizations: The case of the Israeli Security Agency

Rotter describes the role of internal legal advisors and internal auditors in Israel’s intelligence agency (ISA).

Ireland objects to EU-Israel data deal

EU Observer reports that Irish minister for justice Dermott Ahern has confirmed that Dublin is seeking to block a new European Commission initiative that would allow the free transfer of personal data on EU citizens to Israel.

Ireland is concerned the data could be misused after eight fake Irish passports were allegedly used by Israel’s intelligence agency Mossad in the assassination of Hamas operative Mahmoud al-Mabhouh earlier this year. Also six fake British passport were used by the alleged hit team. As a result, Irish officials last week called for the scrapping of commission plans to declare Israeli data protection standards as being sufficient to allow the transfer of personal data.

The commission initiative to make the EU declaration on Israeli data protection standards would have gone ahead automatically if no member state had raised an objection by Tuesday’s deadline. But following the Irish objection, national officials will discuss the matter in a committee that deals with the protection of personal data.

Obama’s outreach to the Muslim world failed

The latest report from the Pew Global Attitudes Project (click here to read full report) indicates that opinions towards US remain negative in many Muslim nations. In particular, Muslims in the Middle East are less impressed with Mr. Obama now than they were when he first delivered his message of hope and change to Cairo last year.

Obama’s administration undertook a series of changes in the outreach policy, in the attempt of showing proper respect to the people of the region and, in so doing, distancing itself from the George W. Bush administration. For example, The Washington Times reports that the phrase “Islamic radicalism” was banned from the lexicon, and “war on terrorism” has been replaced by “overseas contingency operation”.

This approach has failed to get the benefits expected. While many countries, particularly in Europe and Africa, express high confidence in Mr. Obama (he enjoys 95 percent approval in Kenya, for example), in Muslim-majority countries in the Middle East and South Asia, disapproval ranges from 56 percent to 65 percent.

The Pew report also notes that Mr. Obama “receives overwhelmingly low ratings from publics in predominantly Muslim countries for his job performance on Iraq and Afghanistan.” Approval ratings ranged from 4 percent to 22 percent, with disapproval ranging 53 percent to 84 percent. Low ratings of support are also encountered among pro-Iran Shia population in Lebanon, and Jewish Israelis and Muslims on the Israelian/Palestinian issue.